A STUDY OF STUDENTS’ SILENCE IN QUESTION-ANSWER IN THE CLASSROOM INTERACTION AT ENGLISH EDUCATION PROGRAM UNM MAKASSAR)

SYURAEDAH, REZKY (2019) A STUDY OF STUDENTS’ SILENCE IN QUESTION-ANSWER IN THE CLASSROOM INTERACTION AT ENGLISH EDUCATION PROGRAM UNM MAKASSAR). Masters thesis, UNIVERSITAS NEGERI MAKASSAR.

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Abstract

The objectives of this research were to find out the causes and the functions of students’ silence in question-answer interaction.This research applied descriptive qualitative research design in order to get more understanding about phenomena of students silence. In terms of the participant, the researcher focused on observing the English Education Program students of the First semester at English Education Program UNM Makassar. They were chosen purposively among 4 classes in total. The researcher took one class as the participant. This class consists of 21 students in 2018-2019 academic years. The researcher attended the class to do the classroom observation, and interviewed ten students who are found passive in the class and tend to remain silent. The observation was conducted four meetings, two meeting in speaking class and the rest in grammar class. In doing the observation, the researcher used video recorder to record all the activities in classroom interaction. Interview was conducted using audio recorder to obtain the data concerning the causes and the functions of students silence.The result of observation found the causes of students silence in question and answer interaction which classified into four causes they are socio-psychology factor, cognitive factor, fluency factor, and psychology factor. The initial causes is socio-psychology factor that concern on the students’ lack of confidence in expressing their opinion due to a fear of being judged as low competence by their classmates. Cognitive factor includes lack of understanding and unfamiliarity with the topic being discussed. Fluency factor deals with lack of mastering vocabularies in English. Psychology factors that focus on the students behavior deals with lack of motivation in participating orally. While, the function of students silence in question and answer interaction were identified as affecting, revelation, and linkage function. Affecting is such silence that emerge to show respect or kindness to the others. Revelation concern on the existance of silence to get more understanding of what people say, or it implies that silence can be used as the indicator of not knowing or understanding the lecturer’s question. Linkage performs silence that is intended to disjoin the students in oral participation because of fear being judged to talk nonsense. It also can be implied that instead of talk blatantly, the students choose not to say a word.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Subjects: PASCASARJANA > BAHASA INGGRIS (S2)
Divisions: PROGRAM PASCASARJANA
Depositing User: UPT PERPUSTAKAAN UNM
Date Deposited: 15 May 2019 00:29
Last Modified: 15 May 2019 00:29
URI: http://eprints.unm.ac.id/id/eprint/13221

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